World AIDS Day

December 1st

The first day of December marks the World AIDS Day.

World AIDS DayThe theme for 2005-2010 campaign to mark the World AIDS Day is Keep Commitment: Ending the "AIDS". This theme reinforces the importance of everyone to be involved in the fight against HIV / AIDS in all its aspects: prevention, treatment and supportive care.

What is AIDS?
A disease that results from infection by viruses, HIV 1 and 2 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). These viruses attack and destroy the defenses of the human body causing the person death. Currently, through diverse and potent combination therapies, infected people see their lives extended by several years.

How is it transmitted?
Sexual: Via vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom with an infected person;
Blood: Sharing needles and syringes with blood contaminated with HIV. This is the most direct way of contracting the HIV virus and, under the effect of other drugs, like alcohol, people may expose themselves to risk having sex without a condom;
Vertical: From mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding;

How to avoid HIV?
- Use a condom in any type of sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, anal);
- Do not share needles or syringes;
- Avoid contact with sharp or pointed objects are not sterile.

How to have safe sex?
The only way not to take risks in a sexual relationship is to always use condoms. HIV / AIDS has no cure and there is still no vaccine, so the condom is the only protection against HIV.

What does negative and positive HIV test?
The result indicates that, until that moment, the person has antibodies to the HIV virus detectable in the survey. If there is an exposure situation of risk of transmission of HIV, the test should be repeated after 6-8 weeks (window period), but more reliably at 12 weeks. This is the time it takes the body to produce antibodies after infection.
The positive result indicates that the person is infected with HIV can develop the disease and transmit it to others.

Who should get tested?
All persons who have sex without a condom;
People who have contracted any sexually transmitted disease;
Individuals who, at least once, shared needles and syringes;
People who have unprotected sex with others often use injectable drugs sharing needles and syringes (risk behaviors).

Take note: Sometimes the unexpected happens ... Always be prevented. Use a condom!

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