Enjoy the sun ... carefully

With the arrival of summer the will to live day after day in the sun intensifies. The heat rises and the body asks for rest and sea, so it's best to take advantage of every available moment to enjoy the long days of this season. But will we take the necessary precautions?

Here are the tips we can follow from the Ministry of Health.

What are the risks of heat?
Exposure to intense heat is an aggression to the body and can lead to dehydration, worsening of chronic illness or exhaustion. It should be borne in mind certain symptoms associated with heat exhaustion, such as muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, fainting, nausea and vomiting, rapid shallow breathing, high perspiration, paleness, cold and moist skin, weak pulse and fast and headache.

If there are heart problems or high blood pressure, or if symptoms persist for more than one hour, one should seek immediate medical help or call 112.

The most serious risk
The heat stroke is the most serious and can cause irreversible damage to health and even lead to death. The main symptoms are high fever, headache, dizziness, rapid and strong pulse, nausea, confusion, loss of consciousness, muscle twitching and skin red, hot and dry, no sweat. A victim of heat stroke in danger of death. They are essential emergency medical care.

Are more vulnerable to heat the children, the elderly, those with chronic diseases (cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, diabetes and alcoholism), obese, bedridden, people with mental health problems, people taking medications such as antihypertensives, antiarrhythmics, diuretics, antidepressants, neuroleptics, among others.

How to protect yourself from heat?

  • Avoid exposure to direct sun, especially between 11am and 4pm;
  • On the beach, right under the sun-hat is not protected; The water reflects the sun's rays can cause sunburn;
  • Use sunscreen index> 30;
  • Use a hat and sunglasses; Protect the head of children's hat with flaps;
  • Use the loose clothes, preferably cotton and always apply sunscreen;
  • In the days of great heat, babies and old people should not go to the beach;
  • Reduce the physical exertion and rest frequently in shaded places, fresh and airy.

Drink and eat a balanced diet

  • Increase the intake of water or natural fruit juices without added sugar, even without thirst;
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages and with high levels of sugar;
  • Make the snacks more frequent;
  • Newborns, children, elderly and sick people may not feel thirsty, give them water.

Refresh yourself

  • Stay the 2-3 hours a day in a cool, If this is not possible in your home, visit air-conditioned locations such as museums, cinemas, shopping centers;
  • In the period of greatest heat bath of warm water; Avoid, however, sudden changes in temperature.

At home

  • Avoid the heat; Run the blinds or shutters and keep air circulating;
  • Open the windows at night;
  • Use the least bedding, especially the babies and bedridden patients

Travel information

  • If the car does not have air conditioning does not completely close the windows;
  • Bring the water or natural fruit juices without added sugar;
  • Travel by night;
  • Avoid staying in the car exposed to sun, especially of children, sick or elderly.

Search for help

  • Do not hesitate to ask for help from a relative or neighbor in case you feel sick with heat;
    Notify the other periodically on the health status of people living alone, elderly or dependent living near each other and help them protect themselves from heat.

Take note
In case of suffering from chronic illness or are on a diet with low salt or fluid restriction, you are taking medicines or have unusual symptoms ask your doctor or dial HEALTH 24 - 808 24 24 24.


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